Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw <p>The Journal of Kinesiology &amp; Wellness (JKW) is a peer-reviewed online journal that covers issues in physical activity, health, wellness, and sport. JKW is a publication of the <a href="http://www.wskw.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness</a> (WSKW) and is published bi-annually.</p> Western Society for Kinesiology & Wellness en-US Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness 2332-4503 Message from the Editor https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/83 Jeffrey Berndt Copyright (c) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 10 1 1 2 Middle school students’ intrinsic motivation and expectancy value after participating in team sport units https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/82 <p>Background/Purpose. K-12 students’ motivation levels have declined in physical education (PE) due to the lack of effective instructional practices, inappropriate class activities and gender inequities. Middle school students have shown low levels of motivation in physical education and lack of interest in its content. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine middle school students’ intrinsic motivation and expectancy value after participating in team sports units. Method. Participants consisted of 262 students (122 males; 140 females) from three middle schools located in the southwest region of the United States. After participating in team sport units during PE, the participants completed the expectancy-value questionnaire (Eccles &amp; Wigfield, 1995) and motivation inventory (McAuley, Duncan, &amp; Tammen, 1989). Analysis/Results. Data were analyzed by employing descriptive statistics, <em>t</em>-test, and analysis of variance. Results showed that 6th grade students perceived significantly higher expectancy-value and intrinsic value than 8th grade students in team sports. In addition, male students exhibited significantly higher expectancy-value and intrinsic value compare to female students. However, there was no statistically significant difference among ethnic groups. Conclusion.&nbsp; This study suggests that female students had lower levels of intrinsic motivation and expectancy value in team sports compared to male students. Furthermore, as students’ grade level increased from 6th to 8th grade, intrinsic motivation and expectancy value decreased.</p> Minhyun Kim José A. Santiago Hyeonho Yu Jun-Hyung Baek Copyright (c) 2021 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2021-03-18 2021-03-18 10 1 3 12 Dilemmas and problems of being a moral educator https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/84 <p>Kinesiology is the science of human movement. Within the United States, kinesiology encompasses different sub-disciplines of human movement, e.g., exercise physiology, biomechanics, sport psychology, and philosophy, as well as, the professions of teaching, leading, and training. This paper addresses one issue, the lack of moral education in the preparation of kinesiology pre-professionals. Moral education is imperative for kinesiology students to address issues of right and wrong as well as engage in higher order reasoning however, many problems exist in applying moral education to kinesiology. First, even though 37 states have some sort of requirement that moral education is a part of the general public education curriculum, apparently, no direct teaching of moral values exists in public elementary, middle, and high schools. Students arrive at the university with no background. Second, direct teaching of moral values is nonexistent because: teachers and college instructors are not content experts in moral education, consumer-based education drives and affects students’ value of education, and the fallacious argument that ethics should only be taught to the young. Third, moral pedagogy is seldom applied. All of which directly affects kinesiology students in making decisions of right and wrong in a service profession.&nbsp; Therefore, the purpose of this narrative philosophical paper is twofold: to discuss the problems and dilemmas incorporating moral education in kinesiology curriculum and discuss three specific solutions, the: a) creation of moral development courses, b) use of writing intensive courses, and c) development of courses in pedagogy. A narrative philosophical approach discusses theory and supports with real life examples.</p> Aubrey Shaw Sharon Stoll Copyright (c) 2021 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2021-05-10 2021-05-10 10 1 13 20