Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw <p>The Journal of Kinesiology &amp; Wellness (JKW) is a peer-reviewed online journal that covers issues in physical activity, health, wellness, and sport. JKW is a publication of the <a href="http://www.wskw.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness</a> (WSKW) and is published bi-annually.</p> Western Society for Kinesiology & Wellness en-US Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness 2332-4503 Kinematics comparison of squat (2D vs 3D analysis) for remote learning – pilot study https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/100 <p>Bodyweight squats are a common exercise in athletic training and rehabilitation due to their biomechanical and neuromuscular similarities to fundamental movements in a variety of sports and their requirements of coordination of major joints and numerous muscle groups (Schoenfeld, 2010). They are essential for kinesiology students, whose future careers often include athletic training and rehabilitation, to learn how to analyze the kinematics of a squat. While 3D movement analysis is considered the gold standard for motion capture (Chung &amp; Ng, 2012), 2D digital video analysis is more commonly chosen in education environments to provide hands-on experience. However, few studies have investigated the differences between 2D and 3D analysis of squats (Escamilla et al., 2001; Krause et al., 2015; Schmitz et al., 2015). Therefore, the current study aims to compare 2D and 3D measurements of narrow-stance squats while enhancing learning by engaging students with hands-on experience using free, open-source software. Fifteen healthy adults (nine females, six males, 26.93 ± 9.04 years old) participated in this study. Following proper COVID safety guidelines, 2D analyses were performed by undergraduate students at home while 3D analyses were performed using a motion capture system in the laboratory. Lower extremity joint angles and displacements were calculated using 2D and 3D methods. Statistical significances were found when comparing the differences between both measurements except for hip flexion. Nonetheless, the resulting angular and linear measurements from both 2D and 3D analyses aligned with previous research, suggesting that 2D digital video analysis is a viable option for educational purposes despite the significant differences.</p> Mia Huang Leia B. Bagesteiro Copyright (c) 2022 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 11 3 14 Bicycle coalitions and universities prioritization of equity: why and why not? A shift towards more equitable opportunities https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/101 <p class="ABSTRACT">Travel by walking or bicycling has a wide range of health benefits, from lowering the risk of obesity to all-cause mortality. Although the benefits of bicycling are well-known, there are various disparities and inequities seen in participation levels and safety in underserved and underrepresented communities (e.g., racial/ethnic minorities, women, low-income, youth, LGBTQ+). Community coalitions and universities have the potential to play a large role in reaching underrepresented populations and establishing equitable programming. The purpose of this study was to understand why equity is or isn’t prioritized throughout bicycle coalition and universities’ programming efforts. <strong>Methods</strong>: A volunteer sample of bicycle coalitions (n=71) and universities (n=51) were surveyed to identify common themes from the participants’ responses regarding why or why not equity was prioritized. <strong>Results</strong>: Common themes among coalitions and universities who ranked equity first, was awareness of the inequality present in their communities, identified equity as an important element, and planned to prioritize equity in their programming. Common themes among those who ranked equity last was the lack of awareness, knowledge, and demand for equity-related issues. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: Equity is a concern for coalitions and universities. Implementation of different resources has the potential to increase equitable programming in both community and university settings.</p> Emily Dzieniszewski Lucas D. Elliott Melissa Bopp Copyright (c) 2022 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-06-03 2022-06-03 11 15 24 Citations in Google Scholar profiles by Kinesiology subdiscipline https://jkw.wskw.org/index.php/jkw/article/view/102 <p>Keywords are important bibliometric tools for classifying, accessing, and summarizing research. Communication in and external recognition of kinesiology research may be limited by inconsistent use of terms. Citations to the top twenty Google Scholar (GS) Citations Profiles were retrieved for 20 kinesiology-related subject keywords used as GS “labels”. Total citations to top scholars were largest for the disciplinary labels “physical activity,” “exercise,” “physical education,” “sport science,” “sports,” “exercise science,” “sport,” and “kinesiology.”&nbsp; Citations to top scholars using professional labels were in “sports medicine” and “coaching.” The results confirm previously reported trends of slow growth of use of the term kinesiology primarily in the United States even though the highest citations were to the “physical activity” focus of the field. Strong citation counts to the “exercise,” “physical education,” and “sport science” GS labels likely result from the diversity of research interests in the field throughout the world. Kinesiology-associated scholars are influential leaders contributing to a majority of highly cited research using kinesiology subdisciplinary keywords as labels in GS Profiles. The study confirmed previous research of inconsistent use of the terms “sport” and “sports.” Inconsistent use of terms and keywords are a barrier to recognition of and the search for kinesiology-related research.</p> Duane Knudson Copyright (c) 2022 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ 2022-06-24 2022-06-24 11 25 33