The effects of game size on the physical activity levels and ball touches of elementary school children in physical education
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of participating in small (3v3), medium (6v6), and large-sided (12v12) games on the physical activity levels (pedometer step counts, accelerometer counts, and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and ball touches of children in physical education class. Participants were 29 students (55% boys and 45% girls) age 10-11 yrs. All participants wore a Yamax SW-200 pedometer and had their ball touches monitored and recorded. Twelve participants also wore an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer. Repeated measure ANOVAs were computed to test for significant differences for each dependent variable with corresponding post hoc tests. Results indicated the 3v3 and 6v6 game conditions yielded significantly higher accelerometer counts and ball touches than the 12v12 condition. The 3v3 game condition also produced significantly higher ball touches than the 6v6 condition. These findings highlight the importance of utilizing smaller-sided games in physical education to promote increased involvement and physical activity.