Fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin a1c differ by gender and race among emerging adults
To examine the relationship between, and disparities in, glycemic markers among emerging adults. Methods: A diverse group of emerging adults affiliated with a large university located in the Northeast of the US were recruited. Participants self-reported demographic information, and lipids and glycemic markers were assessed using a finger-stick screening with participants fasted for a minimum of 9-12 hours before blood sampling. Results: Data were collected from 217 participants (21±2 years). Regardless of gender or race, no statistically significant relationship was found between FPG and either HbA1C. However, those of ‘other’ races were found to have significantly higher FPG and HbA1C compared to non-Hispanic white participants, and gender differences in glycemic markers were only observed among non-Hispanic white participants. Conclusions: While limited by a relatively small sample size, findings reinforce the importance of recognizing racial differences in glycemic markers when diagnosing and treating diabetes given racial disparities were observed in otherwise healthy emerging adults.
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